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Diffusion and Specificity. Early Neolithic Communities in the Lowlands of South-Western Romania.

Dan Ciobotaru
Timis Archaeological Service

South-West Romania is part of the Banat region, which is a distinct area bordered by the Danube, Tisa and Mures rivers. The author considers the Early Neolithic heritage of this region, known from old surveys and contemporary excavations. The Early Neolithic of South-West Romania has two main components: the Danube Gorges area, which has been better presented in the scientific literature, and the lowlands of Banat, which this paper is focused on.

Recent laboratory analyses provide a better understanding of how the Early Neolithic settlements developed their relationship with the local environment. Comparisons between the Danube Gorges area and the Banat Lowlands are also considered, in order to establish the mechanism of transition to agriculture in this area and the particularities of the lowland settlements of South-Western Romania.

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